2. The Fascism Portal on Wikipedia
  3. Fascism opposes liberalism, Marxism and anarchism and is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.
  4. Hannah Arendt
    1. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil
    1. Robert Paxton says that fascism is “a form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.”
    1. Roger Griffin describes fascism as “a genus of political ideology whose mythic core in its various permutations is a palingenetic form of populist ultranationalism”.[29] Griffin describes the ideology as having three core components: “(i) the rebirth myth, (ii) populist ultra-nationalism and (iii) the myth of decadence”
  7. Core Tenets:
    1. Karl Polanyi tells us:Fascism, like socialism, was rooted in a market society that refused to function. Hence, it was worldwide, catholic in scope, universal in application; the issues transcended the economic sphere and begot a general transformation of a distinctively social kind. It radiated into almost every field of human activity whether political or economic, cultural, philosophic, artistic, or religious. And up to a point it coalesced with local and topical tendencies. No understanding of the history of the period is possible unless we distinguish between the underlying fascist move and the ephemeral tendencies with which that move fused in different countries. P. 248, emphasis added.
    2. The Great Transformation – Polanyi’s seminal book


Watch “Hitler’s Place in History: Political Developments Leading to the Rise of Fascism in Germany”

The Origins of Totalitarianism – Hannah Arendt – 1951

The Great Transformation – Polanyi’s Critical History of Industrial Society

Eichmann in Jerusalem | Hannah Arendt